We are born with approximately 300-350 bones and as we grow many of these bones gradually become fused together. A grown adult skeleton is made up of 206 bones that serves six major functions;
- to support the skeleton provides a framework which supports the body so that is keeps its shape,
- to provide protection for the internal organs (Brain, spinal cord, Lungs, heart, stomach, liver, etc)
- to produce red blood cells,
- to act as storage for Calcium and phosphate for the body,
- to help with endocrine regulation since the bones release a hormone called osteocalcin which contributes to the regulation of blood sugar (glucose and fat deposition,) and
- to offer a place for muscles to attach to so that movement can be possible.
THE PARTS INVOLVED
The Bones are commonly divided up into four types;
- Long bones (Limbs),
- short bones (these are grouped together strengthen our skeleton),
- Flat bones (these protect our internal organs and provide a place for muscles to attach to), and
- irregular bones (oddly shaped bones)
The skeletal system is broken down into two main parts; The Axial Skeleton and The Appendicular skeleton.
The Axial Skeleton consists of 80 bones;
- the skull with 29bones,
- the spine with 26 bones and
- the chest (ribs, sternum) with 25 bones.
The Appendicular skeleton consists of 126 bones;
- the upper extremities (Collar bone(2), Shoulder blade(2), Arm(6), Hand (54) and
- the lower extremities at 62bones which include the Hip, legs and feet (52).
“Just as your bones gives you form, strength and structure, your real strength is within, not without”
– Glenda Hodge.
The arch of your foot has the same shape as the curve in your spine.
Take a look at the arch of your feet you may notice a difference between the Right and left. Bring your feet together, this shape represents the entire picture of your spine. If you see a twist this means that your spine has a twist.
Your arch supports your body, absorbs shock and adds a spring to your step.
I like to think of your arch similar to the shocks in a car. This gives me a great visual to work with:
- If your shocks have fallen or flat … your ride in the car will be very ruff and jarring at times.
- If the shocks are too high and springy … you bounce all over as you travel through life.
High arch: Perhaps you are over extending yourself and are easily pulled in many directions since your ride through life is like a car with very bouncy shocks.
Flat or fallen arch, means a very bumpy ride, almost jarring with each step and you may be experiencing lower back problems and even compressed discs. Not having enough support in your life can be at issue and the constant “I can do it myself, since no one has ever helped me” attitude controls your direction in life.
Do you have a callous on the side of your big toe?
This is most likely related to neck issues since this area represents the very top of your spine. Being able to turn your head with ease might be a problem.
Check out the shape your heels are in. Tough skin? Cracked?
Look for hard, thick skin all around your heels this is caused by too much pressure on your heels when you walk because you may be trying to over compensate for a very sore lower back.